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What evidence is in this resource?

This resource comprises of:

  • a systematic review and briefing on social relations: Places, spaces, people, and wellbeing
  • a case study synthesis and briefing: community hubs and green spaces

Systematic review: places, spaces, people, and wellbeing

The systematic review and briefing look at the global evidence base for improving people’s wellbeing through changes to the community infrastructure. This covers:

  • Public places and ‘bumping’ places designed for people to meet, including streets, squares, parks, play areas, village halls and community centres.
  • Places where people meet informally or are used as meeting places, such as cafes, pubs, libraries, schools and churches.
  • Services that can facilitate access to places to meet, including urban design, landscape architecture and public art, transport, public health organisations, subsidised housing sites, and bus routes.

The focus of our review has been on interventions operating at the neighbourhood level rather than city or national level. Virtual spaces, such as social media, are beyond the scope of this review, although these are important and there is a growing evidence base.

The evidence locks relate to the systematic review evidence only.

Case study synthesis: community hubs and green space

This review of practice-based case studies plugs some gaps in the evidence on how community
hubs and green spaces can enhance wellbeing in a place.

Case study evidence provides important and rich detail on these projects and activities, and how they are delivered.

This provides policy makers and practitioners with tangible illustrations to refer to in the design and modification of interventions.

Close What evidence is in this resource?

Community hubs

Community hubs: case study evidence

Community development


Local neighbourhood design

Green and blue space

Green space: case study evidence

Alternative use of space

Unwanted outcomes

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